Posts Tagged ‘Modern Heritage’

Regenerating an Urban Hub

April 1, 2016

The Transformation of the Sümerbank Kayseri Textile Factory to Abdullah Gül University Sümer Campus
Burak Asiliskender,Nilüfer Yöney / AGÜ

Inheriting the City:
Advancing Understandings of Urban Heritage

Taipei, 31 March – 4 April 2016

The Sümerbank Kayseri Textile Factory, designed and constructed in 1932-1935 was one of the largest industrial investments of the young Turkish republic. It soon became a node of technological, social and cultural modernization in the city, providing work as well as culture and recreation based on a new way of life in contrast with the existing traditional society. The rationalist and functionalist architecture as well as the single-family housing constructed in and around the factory became a new hub and soon created new neighbourhoods, pulling the urban developing toward them.

The complex, closed to production and abandoned in 1999, is today being transformed into a new urban hub as the Sümer Campus of Abdullah Gül University founded in 2012. Based on the master plan dated 2014, the open campus concept welcomes the citizens of Kayseri to a place that is physically the same but presents new activities centered on education and culture. The listed buildings in the complex are being restored to house new functions, and are being turned into educational and administrative buildings, laboratories, museums, cultural centers, and social gathering spaces such as club rooms, visitors center, cafes and restaurants. Meanwhile the architectural characteristics of the site and its buildings, its relationship with the urban sprawl of Kayseri and its importance as a memory place in the city are being preserved. The main principle behind the master plan and the restoration projects is to preserve the integrity of the campus and its buildings while transforming them with new additions without degrading the original characteristics but rather adding new value to them. It aims to describe the importance of the original complex for Kayseri and its transformation as a new urban hub of interest.

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From Production to Education; Re-Using Sumerbank Kayseri Warehouse

October 22, 2015

Dalla Produzione All’educazione; Riutilizzo il Kayseri Sümerbank Magazzino
Nilüfer Yöney, Burak Asiliskender / AGÜ

REUSO Valencia 2015
III Congreso Internacional sobre Documentación, Conservación,  y Reutilización del Patrimonio Arquitectónico

Valencia, 22-24 October 2015

Kayseri Sümerbank Textile Factory (1932-1935) designed and funded by the U.S.S.R. was among the first large-scaled industrial establishments and early examples of reinforced concrete construction in Turkey. The Great Warehouse currently under restoration as part of Abdullah Gül University Campus is a long and narrow building measuring 135x45m and will house classrooms, faculty offices, a multi-purpose hall, a refractory and café. The re-use project distinguishes the new additions from the original building through the use different structure, materials and textures: The classrooms and offices
are designed as a freestanding steel structure inside the original wide-spanning skeletal reinforced concrete building. The original concrete surfaces will be left exposed without any enlargements to the narrow element sections while original steel window frames and sliding doors will be preserved in-situ. The demolished sections of the façades will be reconstructed as transparent surfaces. Damaged load-bearing elements will be clad in steel, and structural strengthening interventions will be kept at a minimum in order to preserve the original architectural and structural characteristics.

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The Technology of an Early Reinforced Concrete Structure in Turkey

June 11, 2015

The Great Storehouse of the Kayseri Sümerbank Textile Factory
Nilüfer Yöney, Burak Asiliskender / AGÜimages

Heritage and Technology; Mind Knowledge Experience
Le Vie dei Mercanti
XIII Forum Internazionale di Studi

Aversa, Capri
11-12-13 June 2015

The former Kayseri Sümerbank Textile Factory (1935) designed and funded by the U.S.S.R. was among the first large-scaled industrial establishments in Turkey. The so-called Great Storehouse as well as the rest of the complex constitutes an interesting case study as an early example of large-scaled reinforced concrete construction in a provincial center for Turkish and Soviet technological history.

The long and narrow building measuring 135x45m is constructed in four sections with wide spanning axes based on a skeletal system, supported with slender columns and beams. The columns rise 5-6.5m from the original floor level and reach 9m along the raised central nave. The foundations are composed of double layers of square footings joined with tie beams. The partition walls are constructed with bricks while the exterior walls are tuff. All the masonry walls are held together with a weak mortar based on cement, lime and sand, and with steel reinforcing bars placed horizontally in the horizontal courses and tied to thicker steel bars vertically along the columns. Horizontal strip windows located in the upper part of the exterior walls and along the high central nave provide natural light. There are steel hangar doors along the east and west walls in almost each grid as well as two central doorways located on the short east and west façades. The reinforced concrete surfaces are left exposed while the brick walls and the interior surfaces of the tuff walls are plastered.

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From Industrial Site to University Campus; Sümerbank Kayseri Textile Factory

September 12, 2014

It is hard to create a general public opinion for the conservation of modern and industrial heritage such as the Sümerbank Site. On account of these, AGU docomomo49Sümer Campus renovation is a unique example on handling treatments on modern heritage. While there were numerous troubles and difficulties, damages and demolishment, the site survives with its unique characteristics. On the other hand, there has been a sense of belonging resulting from its former labourers and their families, which was the key protection component. While the preservation arguments or registration process was based on the idea of that Sümerbank Kayseri Settlement was the significant masterpieces of the Turkish modernization process, the chief protector has been that ideology of belonging sense, which has been encouraged by the volunteers’ assistance. This leading attempt on managing the change could be comprehended as a milestone on the conservation of modern and industrial heritage in Turkey.

Asiliskender, B. 2014. “From Industrial Site to University Campus. Sümerbank Kayseri Textile Factory”, docomomo Journal, 49-2013/2, pp.86-89, Barcelona. ISSN: 1380/3204